Waiting for PostgreSQL 10 – Implement syntax for transition tables in AFTER triggers.

Another one missed, quite a long time ago, too..:

On 4th of November 2016, Kevin Grittner committed patch:

Implement syntax for transition tables in AFTER triggers.
 
 
This is infrastructure for the complete SQL standard feature.  No
support is included at this point for execution nodes or PLs.  The
intent is to add that soon.
 
As this patch leaves things, standard syntax can create tuplestores
to contain old and/or new versions of rows affected by a statement.
References to these tuplestores are in the TriggerData structure.
C triggers can access the tuplestores directly, so they are usable,
but they cannot yet be referenced within a SQL statement.

Continue reading Waiting for PostgreSQL 10 – Implement syntax for transition tables in AFTER triggers.

Getting list of unique elements in table, per group

Today, on irc, someone asked interesting question.

Basically she ran a query like:

SELECT a, b, c, d, e, f FROM TABLE ORDER BY a

then, she processed the query to get, for each a array of unique values of b, c, d, e, and f, and then he inserted it back to database, to some other table.

It was a problem, because the table had many rows (millions I would assume), and the whole process was slow.

So, how to make it faster?

Continue reading Getting list of unique elements in table, per group

Waiting for 9.6 – Add num_nulls() and num_nonnulls() to count NULL arguments.

On 5th of February, Tom Lane committed patch:

Add num_nulls() and num_nonnulls() to count NULL arguments.
 
An example use-case is "CHECK(num_nonnulls(a,b,c) = 1)" to assert that
exactly one of a,b,c isn't NULL.  The functions are variadic, so they
can also be pressed into service to count the number of null or nonnull
elements in an array.
 
Marko Tiikkaja, reviewed by Pavel Stehule

Continue reading Waiting for 9.6 – Add num_nulls() and num_nonnulls() to count NULL arguments.

Grouping data by timestamp and interval

Someone asked today on irc about grouping data, that contains timestamps, into “partitions".

Usually when someone wants something like this, you can do grouping by date_trunc(), but this time, this person, wanted to group data that all timestamps are within given interval from each other.

I'm not sure I understood him/her right, but I think he/she wanted something like this:

Continue reading Grouping data by timestamp and interval

Filling in the blanks

Some time ago someone on irc asked interesting question. One that I couldn't answer then (didn't have an immediate idea, and didn't have time to spend on looking into it).

Now, I have some more time, and despite the fact that the person that had this problem no longer cares about it (he found some solution himself if I recall correctly), decided to look into it.

Continue reading Filling in the blanks

PostgreSQL + Perl + Unicode == confusion. Why?

Yesterday I had an interesting discussion on irc.

A guy wanted to know why Perl script is causing problems when dealing with Pg
and unicode characters.

The discussion went sideways, I got (a bit) upset, and had to leave anyway, so
I didn't finish it. But it did bother me, as for me the reasons of the problem
seem obvious, yet the person I talked with was very adamant that I have the
whole thing wrong.

So, I figured I'll use my blog to elaborate a bit…

Continue reading PostgreSQL + Perl + Unicode == confusion. Why?

Filling the gaps with window functions

Couple of days ago I had a problem that I couldn't solve after ~ 2 hours, and decided to ask on IRC. Almost immediately after asking, I figured out the solution, but David asked me to write about the solution, even though it's now (for me) completely obvious.

The problem was like this:

I had two tables, with very simple structure: event_when timestamptz, event_count int4, and wanted to show it as a single recordset with columns: event_when, event_count_a, event_count_b, but the problem was that event_when usually didn't match. Here is an example:

Continue reading Filling the gaps with window functions

What mistakes you can avoid when looking for help on IRC?

Today, there was this one person on IRC, which asked question and provided some data. While working on helping him (her?), I noticed some things, that bugged me before in other cases, but this time i decided to write about it – it's kind of rant, and if you (the reader) are the person that I'm basing my example on – please do not feel “punished" – it just so happens, that you exhibited some things that make helping others more difficult than it could be – so: you're not special, although I would really prefer if you were 🙂

Continue reading What mistakes you can avoid when looking for help on IRC?