On 16th of February 2019, Tom Lane committed patch:
Allow user control of CTE materialization, and change the default behavior.
Historically we've always materialized the full output of a CTE query,
treating WITH as an optimization fence (so that, for example, restrictions
from the outer query cannot be pushed into it). This is appropriate when
the CTE query is INSERT/UPDATE/DELETE, or is recursive; but when the CTE
query is non-recursive and side-effect-free, there's no hazard of changing
the query results by pushing restrictions down.
Another argument for materialization is that it can avoid duplicate
computation of an expensive WITH query --- but that only applies if
the WITH query is called more than once in the outer query. Even then
it could still be a net loss, if each call has restrictions that
would allow just a small part of the WITH query to be computed.
Hence, let's change the behavior for WITH queries that are non-recursive
and side-effect-free. By default, we will inline them into the outer
query (removing the optimization fence) if they are called just once.
If they are called more than once, we will keep the old behavior by
default, but the user can override this and force inlining by specifying
NOT MATERIALIZED. Lastly, the user can force the old behavior by
specifying MATERIALIZED; this would mainly be useful when the query had
deliberately been employing WITH as an optimization fence to prevent a
poor choice of plan.
Andreas Karlsson, Andrew Gierth, David Fetter
Continue reading Waiting for PostgreSQL 12 – Allow user control of CTE materialization, and change the default behavior.
On 16th of July, Kevin Grittner committed patch:
Add support for REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW CONCURRENTLY.
This allows reads to continue without any blocking while a REFRESH
runs. The new data appears atomically as part of transaction
Review questioned the Assert that a matview was not a system
relation. This will be addressed separately.
Reviewed by Hitoshi Harada, Robert Haas, Andres Freund.
Merged after review with security patch f3ab5d4.
Continue reading Waiting for 9.4 – Add support for REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW CONCURRENTLY.
On 4th of March, Kevin Grittner committed patch:
Add a materialized view relations.
A materialized view has a rule just like a view and a heap and
other physical properties like a table. The rule is only used to
populate the table, references in queries refer to the
This is a minimal implementation, but should still be useful in
many cases. Currently data is only populated "on demand" by the
CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW and REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW statements.
It is expected that future releases will add incremental updates
with various timings, and that a more refined concept of defining
what is "fresh" data will be developed. At some point it may even
be possible to have queries use a materialized in place of
references to underlying tables, but that requires the other
above-mentioned features to be working first.
Much of the documentation work by Robert Haas.
Review by Noah Misch, Thom Brown, Robert Haas, Marko Tiikkaja
Security review by KaiGai Kohei, with a decision on how best to
implement sepgsql still pending.
Continue reading Waiting for 9.3 – Add a materialized view relations.