On 23rd of March, Heikki Linnakangas committed patch:
Add pg_rewind, for re-synchronizing a master server after failback.
Earlier versions of this tool were available (and still are) on github.
Thanks to Michael Paquier, Alvaro Herrera, Peter Eisentraut, Amit Kapila,
and Satoshi Nagayasu for review.
Continue reading Waiting for 9.5 – Add pg_rewind, for re-synchronizing a master server after failback.
On 13th of December, Heikki Linnakangas committed patch:
Allow a streaming replication standby to follow a timeline switch.
Before this patch, streaming replication would refuse to start replicating
if the timeline in the primary doesn't exactly match the standby. The
situation where it doesn't match is when you have a master, and two
standbys, and you promote one of the standbys to become new master.
Promoting bumps up the timeline ID, and after that bump, the other standby
would refuse to continue.
There's significantly more timeline related logic in streaming replication
now. First of all, when a standby connects to primary, it will ask the
primary for any timeline history files that are missing from the standby.
The missing files are sent using a new replication command TIMELINE_HISTORY,
and stored in standby's pg_xlog directory. Using the timeline history files,
the standby can follow the latest timeline present in the primary
(recovery_target_timeline='latest'), just as it can follow new timelines
appearing in an archive directory.
START_REPLICATION now takes a TIMELINE parameter, to specify exactly which
timeline to stream WAL from. This allows the standby to request the primary
to send over WAL that precedes the promotion. The replication protocol is
changed slightly (in a backwards-compatible way although there's little hope
of streaming replication working across major versions anyway), to allow
replication to stop when the end of timeline reached, putting the walsender
back into accepting a replication command.
Many thanks to Amit Kapila for testing and reviewing various versions of
Continue reading Waiting for 9.3 – Allow a streaming replication standby to follow a timeline switch.
There are several approaches on replication/failover – you might have heard of Slony, Londiste, pgPool and some other tools.
WAL Replication is different from all of them in one aspect – it doesn't let you query slave database (until 9.0, in which you actually can run read only queries on slave.
Since you can't run queries on slave, what is it good for? Well. It's good, and great in 1 very important aspect – all things that happen in database are replicated. Schema changes. Sequence modifications. Everything.
There is also drawback – you can't (as of now) replicate just one database. You replicate whole cluster (I don't like this word in this context – let's say: whole installation) of PostgreSQL. All databases that reside in given DATA directory.
So, the question is – how to set it up?
Continue reading Setting WAL Replication